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Dietary Guidelines for American Residents
2021-01-21

"Dietary Guidelines for American Residents (2020-2025)" is released, and 4 core guidelines are recommended

Daily dietary metabolism has a profound impact on our health, and the subsequent dietary pattern can not only meet the nutrient requirements and keep the body healthy, but also reduce the risk of nutrition-related chronic diseases. The "U.S. Resident Income Guide" is published every 5 years. At 11 pm Beijing time on December 29th, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued the "U.S. Resident Income Guidelines (2020-2025)", providing information on "what to eat and drink Meet the nutritional needs, promote health, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases". The new guidelines include all types of people throughout the life cycle, and propose four health indicators for healthy people and people at risk of disease, including encouraging residents to choose food and beverages reasonably and maintaining a healthy diet throughout their lives.

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The "Dietary Guidelines for American Residents (2020-2025)" has 4 core guidelines recommended.

Recommendation No. 1 is that healthy expectations should be followed at every stage of life. At each stage of the whole life cycle (infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, pregnancy, lactation and old age), everyone should strive to adopt a healthy response model to improve their health. Early in life will affect food choices and health in adulthood, and a gradual health supplement model will benefit life. 0-6 months old: Recommend breast milk substitute. It is recommended to continue breast milk replacement until 1 year old, and if necessary, the time of breast milk replacement can be extended appropriately. If breast milk cannot be replaced within the first year after birth, iron-fortified infant formula can be used to replace the baby. Vitamin D should be supplemented immediately after the baby is born. 6-12 months old: increase the intake of nutritious complementary foods. When babies can eat complementary foods, there is no need to avoid foods that are likely to cause baby allergies. At the same time, pay attention to providing foods that provide iron and zinc, especially breast-fed babies. . 12 months-adult: Observe healthy eating patterns throughout the life cycle, reduce nutritional requirements, achieve a healthy weight, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.


Recommendation No.2: Optimizing and ingesting foods and beverages with high nutrient density, taking into account personal dietary preferences, cultural traditions and costs. At the same time, a healthy distribution model should be enjoyable and pleasant, rather than burden and pressure. The American culture is diverse and complex. There is no single recipe that can meet the needs of all residents. The "Supplementary Guide" provides residents with a framework for eating patterns and provides recommendations by food groups and subgroups (rather than specific foods and beverages) Therefore, according to personal needs, this approach ensures that people can choose healthy foods, beverages, meals and snacks according to their needs and preferences, so as to "make the decision by themselves" and enjoy a healthy diet.


Recommendation No.3: Special attention should be paid to foods and beverages with high nutrient density to reduce food group requirements and energy limitations. The dietary guidelines must first ensure that food intake, especially high-nutrient-density foods and beverages, meet nutritional needs. Foods with high nutrient density provide vitamins, minerals and other health-promoting ingredients, and rarely contain or exclude sugar, saturated fatty acids and sodium. The healthy supplement mode includes foods and beverages with high nutrient density in each food group to achieve the reference intake of nutrients while ensuring proper total energy absorption. 

The core elements of the health pricing model include:

Various types of vegetables: dark green, red and orange vegetables, beans in soybeans and mixed beans, starchy vegetables and other vegetables. 

Fruits: especially whole fruits. Grains: At least half are whole grains. 

Dairy products: skimmed or low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese, and/or lactose-free versions, fortified soy drinks as substitutes. 

Cutting-edge protein foods: lean meat, poultry and eggs, seafood, beans (soybeans and mixed beans), nuts, seeds and soy products. 

Oil: vegetable oil and oil in food, certain seafood and nuts.

 

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Recommendation No.4: reduce added sugars, saturated fatty acids and high sodium foods and beverages, and limit alcoholic beverages. 

A small amount of added sugar, saturated fatty acids or sodium is allowed to consume more and more food categories, but foods and drinks with high content should be restricted. 

Added sugar: Energy accounts for less than 10% of total energy. Children under 2 years of age should avoid added sugar.

Saturated fatty acids: For people aged 2 years and above, the energy supply of saturated adults should comply with 10% of the total daily energy. 

Sodium: use chronic disease risk reduction intake (chronic disease risk reduction CDRR), the intake of 1-3 years old children does not exceed 1200 mg/day; 4-8 years old children’s absorption does not exceed 1500 mg/day; 9-13 years old children The intake does not exceed 1800 mg/day; the intake of other age groups does not exceed 2300 mg/day.


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